Short selling is a trading strategy in which an investor borrows shares of a stock from a broker and sells them, hoping to buy them back at a lower price and make a profit. The investor believes that the stock's price will decline, so they sell it first, with the intention of buying it back at a lower price to return the shares to the broker.

The process of short selling involves the following steps:

1.The investor borrows the shares from a broker, who charges a fee for the loan.

2.The investor sells the borrowed shares on the open market.

3.If the stock price drops, the investor buys back the shares at a lower price.

4.The investor returns the borrowed shares to the broker and pockets the difference between the selling price and the buying price as profit.

Short selling is a high-risk strategy because there is no limit to the amount of money an investor can lose if the stock price rises instead of falling. Short selling also carries the risk of being forced to cover the position if the stock price rises too quickly, which can result in a significant loss for the investor. Therefore, short selling is typically used by experienced investors who have a high tolerance for risk and who carefully manage their positions.